M4 High Speed Tractor (3-in/90mm)
Reviewed by Cookie Sewell
|Stock Number and Description||Hobby Boss Kit No. 82407; M4 High Speed Tractor (3-in./90mm)|
|Media and Contents:||302 parts (236 in grey styrene, 46 etched brass, 16 clear styrene, 2 black vinyl track runs, 1 length of nylon string, 1 section of brass chain)|
|Review Type:||First Look|
|Advantages:||Decent kit of this popular tractor; nicely done details and accurate suspension, finally has a gun to tow (see text)|
|Disadvantages:||Some details simplified (see text)
|Recommendation:||Recommendation: for all US and Artillery fans using tracked prime movers|
As I wrote when the 155mm version of this tractor came out, back in 1957, when I was nine the only good way to make money was off my report card, as I had a wonderful grandmother who believed that “bribery works wonders.” As such, other than birthdays, Christmas, and a stray generous uncle or two it was the only time I could get enough money together to buy “expensive” model kits. In the fall of 1957, for my first good report card, I made enough to afford a good spree and went to my local model shop. The first thing I saw there for the princely sum of $1.98 and no tax was the brand new Revell Kit No. H-532, the “Long Tom” artillery piece set. For a 9-year-old, this came with a “tank,” a big gun, a wheeled thing, and five little men – how cool is that?!
I loved that model and really had a good time with it, but eventually it bought the farm as did many others (a problem which was exacerbated the year I got a Daisy Model 111 BB gun.) But I never forgot it and when I grew up wanted to do one in 1/35 scale.
Alas, there were two major problems: number one was no 1/35 scale 155mm gun kits, and only one really crummy model of the M4 18-ton High Speed Tractor (the “tank” of my youth) from Nitto of Japan. This was merely a pantographed version of the old Revell/Adams kit with a motor added and rubber band tracks. Eventually, when AFV Club came out with their great kit of the M2 (AKA M59 in its postwar MAP version) I tried to tackle converting that kit to an accurate M4 HST. I gave up as it would have to be totally scratchbuilt. I also passed on the resin one which came out about three years later as it was too much for my budget.
Now, after two years of anticipation and waiting, Hobby Boss of China has released the second of two kits of the HST. The original vehicles were called the 18-ton High Speed Tractor M4 (90mm) and the 18-ton High Speed Tractor M4 (155mm and 240mm). That is straight out of the handbook, TM 9-785 dated April 1952, but apparently the WWII ones were called either Type A or Type B. The first Hobby Boss kit was of the Type A variant, with a “box” on the back that was optimized for ammunition stowage for the 3" and 90mm AA guns. The Type B variant, of which this is the kit, was designed to carry heavy artillery ammunition and could carry either 155mm, 8 inch (203mm) or 240mm ammunition in its “box.”
But when the two kits came out the Type A had nothing to do as there were no kits of US 3 inch or 90mm AA guns extant. As a result the kit wound up languishing and at one point Squadron Shop was offering them for as little as $19.95 to get them off their shelves. But now Commander Models has released a nice new resin kit of the US 90mm M1 AA Gun so the Type A tractor now has a “function in life!”
The lower hull is a nice replication of the original, and using etched brass gives the modeler the options to have two vents at the front of the hull either open or closed. The idler wheel consists of three parts (center and two rims) to capture the welded structure accurately. (Note that while the suspension LOOKS like that of the American M3/M5 light tanks, it is more closely related to that of the M4 medium and has most of its parts interchangeable with them.) The bogies are nicely done with good wide wheels and a heavy HVSS spring assembly.
The tracks are somewhat thin versions of the T49 Sherman track (three-bar cleat) type which was the most common one used on M4 HST vehicles. They are okay but many modelers will opt for single-link ones from RHPS, Model Kasten, or Fruil.
The rear section of the hull is provided with a wealth of interior details, such as the winch, the big Waukesha gasoline engine, and all of the engine systems. Since the bay is painted white and the vehicle has large side grilles, this helps show them off once completed. The side grilles are someone simplified to get them to turn out as etched brass (the real ones have at least two layers from photographic evidence) but this should not look too bad on the finished model.
The model also gives the modeler the option to either leave it open or “button it up” with a full set of canvas doors and panels. They also provide masks for painting so the windows may be installed prior to finishing, a nice touch.
The hardest steps in the model’s construction will be the forming of the headlight (front) and floodlight (rear) lens guards from etched brass, as the originals are domed. I suggest seeking out something about the size of a pencil eraser and using it to shape the guards before installation.
The Type A rear body consists of lockers for stowing single AA rounds and a bin on the top with a rear tailgate for other stowage. The kit provides a heavy grille for the locker interior but nothing for the bin and no ammunition for the lockers.
The model comes with two finishing options: A Battery, 945th Field Artillery, 1st Army. This was a non-divisional 155mm gun unit that fought in the ETO from July 1944 to V-E Day, so it is an odd choice as the tractor is an antiaircraft one. (It appears it was based on a restored Type A vehicle with the wrong markings.) The other finishing option is overall OD with “18 TON HIGH SPEED TRACTOR - 28" on the front bumper and starts and registration numbers only. I recommend getting a copy of “High Speed Tractor” by David Doyle from Ampersand Publishing as it is a good reference for these vehicles.
Overall, this is a great kit and answers the mail and now it finally has a job to do with the new Commander Models gun.
A 38x2 Suspension, seats, exterior details
B 54 Cab components, engine
C 67 Cab components, engine and suspension details
D 16 Clear styrene
E 37 Ammo plates, details, drivers and idlers
– 1 Lower hull
– 1 Cab assembly
– 46 Etched brass
– 2 Black vinyl track runs
– 1 Nylon string
– 1 Brass chain
Thanks to Miin Herng Tsueng for the review sample.
HobbyBoss kits re available from Creative Models Limited